The Coconut Palm (Cocos Nucifera L.) is referred as “The Tree of Life” due to its incredible value to man and the incredible number of products and by-products that can be created from it. And Lombok itself, is very lucky island to been given in huge amounts this natural resource.
Coconut trees are grown in tropical countries mainly for the high oil content, which is widely used in both food and non-food industries (e.g. margarine and soaps). Large production areas, in particular, are found along the coastal regions in the wet tropical areas of Asia in the Philippines, Indonesia, India, Sri Lanka and Malaysia. In these countries millions of people make a living from the coconut palm and its many products.Just Indonesia for example produced in 2010 more then 15 million tons of coconuts.
One tree may yield on average 70-100 nuts to a maximum of 150 nuts per year. A coconut palm itself can live as long as 100 hundred years , but her productive period is around 25 years. As the coconut develops the coconut palm naturally filters water through its many fibres, purifying it as it travels to be stored inside the sterile coconut.
Coconut and coconut water are extremely nutritious and packed with vitamins and minerals and provides many healthy benefits. Despite its name the fruit of the coconut palm is not at nut all, botanically classified as a drupe, meaning the ‘coconut’ is actually a huge seed.
Besides the valuable contents of the nuts, the palm yields husks, shells, leaves and the stem which are used domestically as raw materials for many products from fuel to building materials.
In conclusion, a prized fruit of the tropics, coconut use cuts across all ethnic groups with its many parts widely used for food, craft, clothing, fuel and housing. The coconut is also considered an auspicious fruit and is used in almost every religious ritual in Asian countries and that is why it also got a name of the “Tree of life.”